USA Trademark

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    Trademark registration is an important step for businesses looking to protect their intellectual property, and the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) provides trademark registration services for businesses operating in the United States. At Corporate Raasta Consulting, we offer end-to-end support for trademark registration in the United States, helping businesses to protect their brand and prevent others from using it without permission.


    Some of the key benefits of trademark registration in the United States include:

    Exclusive Use: USA trademark registration grants exclusive rights to use the trademark within the country. This exclusivity ensures that competitors cannot capitalize on a similar mark, protecting the uniqueness of the brand.

    Preventing Confusion: With a registered trademark, businesses can prevent others from using confusingly similar marks that might lead consumers to mistake one brand for another. This helps maintain clarity in the marketplace and preserves the reputation of the brand.

    Use of ® Symbol: Registered trademarks are entitled to use the ® symbol, indicating official registration with the USPTO. This symbol serves as a visual cue to competitors and consumers alike that the trademark is protected under law.

    Enforcement: Registered trademarks enjoy enhanced legal protection, making it easier for businesses to enforce their rights against infringers. This includes taking legal action against unauthorized use or infringement of the trademark.

    Transferability: A registered trademark can be easily transferred or sold, providing businesses with added flexibility in their operations. This allows for the monetization of intellectual property assets and facilitates business transactions such as mergers or acquisitions.

    Brand Recognition: By registering a trademark, businesses can strengthen their brand identity and increase recognition among consumers. A registered trademark instills confidence and trust in the market, fostering loyalty and goodwill towards the brand.

    International Expansion: USA trademark registration serves as a foundation for potential international expansion. It provides a strong basis for seeking trademark protection in other countries under international agreements and conventions, offering broader market reach and opportunities for growth.


    Here are some of the steps you should consider when registering a trademark in the United States:

    1. Conduct a trademark search to ensure that your chosen trademark is available.
    2. Determine the appropriate classification for your goods or services.
    3. File a trademark application with the USPTO.
    4. Monitor your trademark for potential infringement.


    Following are the steps involved in the US trademark application filing process:

    Filing of Application: Once the trademark application is prepared with all necessary details, it is submitted to the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Upon submission, an official filing receipt is issued along with a unique serial number, which can be used to track the application status online. The application can be tracked using the serial number at

    Trademark Examination: Within approximately three months of filing, the application is assigned to a Trademark Examiner or Attorney at the USPTO. The Examiner conducts a thorough examination of the application, checking for any substantive grounds of objection, such as similarity with existing marks.

    Trademark Office Action: If any informality or substantive objection is identified during examination, the USPTO issues an Office Action notice. The applicant has six months to respond to the Office Action, addressing any issues raised and providing necessary clarifications or amendments to the application.

    Publication of Trademark Application: If no informality or objection remains after the applicant’s response, the trademark application is approved for publication in the Trademark Official Gazette. The Gazette lists all newly published marks, renewed marks, and canceled marks. A Notice of Publication is issued by the USPTO, specifying the date of publication of the trademark application.

    Trademark Opposition Period: Following publication in the Trademark Official Gazette, there is a 30-day period during which third parties or other trademark owners may oppose the registration of the mark. Opposition can be based on claims of similarity to their own mark or potential commercial harm. Third parties may also request an extension of time, up to 180 days, to file an opposition.

    Trademark Registration: If no opposition is filed during the opposition period, and if the application was not filed on an Intent to Use basis (Section 1(b)), the USPTO proceeds to issue the Registration Certificate for the trademark. For applications filed on an Intent to Use basis, the USPTO issues a Notice of Allowance, indicating that the mark is allowed for registration pending proof of use. Once all requirements are satisfied, including proof of use if applicable, the trademark registration process is completed, and the Registration Certificate is issued by the USPTO.

    The process of registering a trademark in the United States can be complex and requires careful attention to detail to ensure that the registration is successful. At Corporate Raasta Consulting, we provide end-to-end support for trademark registration in the United States, including conducting a trademark search, preparing and submitting the necessary paperwork, communicating with the USPTO, and providing ongoing support throughout the process.

    Following is the explanation of who can apply for USA trademark registration and the eligibility requirements:

    Who Can Apply: There are no restrictions based on nationality or residency for individuals or entities applying for a trademark registration in the United States. Both U.S. citizens and foreign nationals can file trademark applications with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

    Eligibility Requirements

    Bona Fide Intention to Use: The applicant must have a bona fide intention to use the trademark in commerce. This means that they must genuinely intend to use the trademark to identify and distinguish their goods or services in the marketplace. Applicants can file based on either actual use of the mark in commerce or a bona fide intention to use the mark in the future.

    Distinctiveness: The trademark must be distinctive, meaning it must be capable of identifying and distinguishing the applicant’s goods or services from those of others. Distinctiveness can be inherent, meaning the mark is inherently distinctive and immediately qualifies for registration, or acquired through extensive use and recognition in the marketplace.

    Non-Confusing Similarity: The trademark must not be confusingly similar to another registered trademark. This means that the proposed mark should not closely resemble or be likely to cause confusion with an existing registered trademark in terms of appearance, sound, or meaning, particularly in relation to similar goods or services.

    Compliance with Trademark Law: The applicant must comply with all applicable trademark laws and regulations, including submitting accurate and complete trademark applications, paying required fees, and adhering to USPTO procedures and guidelines.

    Eligibility Criteria for US Trademark Registration in India

    Indian Nationals and Businesses: Indian nationals and businesses are eligible to apply for trademark registration in the United States.

    Bona Fide Intention to Use: Applicants must have a bona fide intention to use the trademark in commerce in the United States. This demonstrates a genuine intent to use the mark to identify and distinguish goods or services in the US marketplace.

    Appointment of U.S.-Registered Attorney: Applicants must appoint a U.S.-registered attorney to represent them in the trademark registration process in the United States. This attorney will assist in navigating the USPTO procedures and requirements.

    Types of Trademark Registration in the USA

    Principal Register: This type of registration provides the strongest legal protection for the trademark and is commonly used for trademarks already in use in commerce.

    Supplemental Register: Available for trademarks not yet in use in commerce but with a bona fide intention for future use.

    United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO): The USPTO is the federal agency responsible for registering trademarks in the United States. It oversees the trademark registration process, including reviewing applications, issuing registrations, and maintaining trademark records.

    Law Governing USA Trademark Registration: The law governing trademark registration in the United States is the Trademark Act of 1946, also known as the Lanham Act, as amended. This law sets out the requirements, procedures, and rights associated with trademark registration.

    USA Trademark Classes for Goods and Services: The USPTO classifies goods and services into 45 classes. Applicants must specify the class(es) of goods or services for which the trademark will be used when applying for registration.

    U.S. Trademark Registration Cost: The cost of trademark registration in the United States varies based on the type of registration (Principal or Supplemental) and the number of classes of goods or services. Fees may include application fees, attorney fees, and maintenance fees for maintaining the registration over time.


    Trademark Application Form: The applicant must complete and sign the trademark application form. This form provides details about the applicant, the trademark, and the goods or services associated with it. The applicant can be an individual, a partnership, a corporation, or any other legal entity.

    Specimen of Use: A specimen of use is required to demonstrate that the trademark is used in commerce. This specimen serves as evidence that the trademark is actively being used in connection with the goods or services for which it is registered. Examples of specimens include photographs, copies of labels, packaging, or other materials showing the trademark in use.

    Drawing of the Trademark: A drawing of the trademark is necessary for the application. The drawing should clearly depict all the distinctive features of the trademark. It should be clear, concise, and accurately represent the trademark as it will be used in commerce.

    Fees: There are filing fees associated with trademark registration. The fees vary depending on factors such as the application type (e.g., standard or expedited) and the classification of goods or services. The applicant must pay the required fees at the time of submitting the application.

    Power of Attorney: If the applicant is not a U.S. citizen or resident, they must appoint a U.S. attorney to represent them in the trademark registration process. Both the applicant and the attorney must sign a power of attorney document, authorizing the attorney to act on behalf of the applicant in all matters related to the trademark registration.

    It’s important to note that non-U.S. citizens and entities can register a trademark in the United States, but they must have a U.S. attorney represent them throughout the registration process. The attorney plays a crucial role in assisting with the application, responding to any objections or office actions from the USPTO, and ensuring compliance with all requirements.

    • Conducting a trademark search involves searching the USPTO's Trademark Electronic Search System (TESS) database for existing trademarks that may conflict with your proposed mark. It's essential to ensure your mark is unique and available for registration.

    • Trademark registration provides exclusive rights to use the mark in connection with specific goods or services, protection against infringement, legal presumption of ownership, and the ability to enforce rights in federal court.

    • The trademark registration process in the USA typically takes about 8 to 12 months or longer, depending on various factors such as the complexity of the application, examination by the USPTO, and potential opposition proceedings.

    • The Principal Register provides stronger legal protection and benefits for trademarks that are inherently distinctive and used in commerce. The Supplemental Register is for marks not yet in use in commerce but with a bona fide intention to use in the future.

    • While the USPTO does not directly register trademarks internationally, it does provide access to the Madrid Protocol, which allows trademark owners to seek protection in multiple countries through a single application process.

    • Trademark registrations in the USA are valid for ten years and can be renewed indefinitely as long as the mark continues to be used in commerce. The renewal application must be filed with the USPTO between the 9th and 10th year of registration.

    • The documents required for trademark registration in the United States include a completed trademark application form, a description of the goods or services associated with the trademark, and a copy of the trademark logo or design.