Permanent Patent

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    Permanent Patent


    A patent is a legal document granted to an inventor or organization that provides exclusive rights to prevent others from making, using, or selling the invention for a certain period of time. A Permanent Patent is a patent that lasts for the life of the invention, providing long-term protection for the inventor’s intellectual property. At Corporate Raasta Consulting, we offer end-to-end support for obtaining and maintaining Permanent Patents in India.

    Patent in India

    In India, the Patents Act of 1970, amended in 2005 to align with global standards, governs the patent system. As per the Act, patents are granted for novel inventions that are inventive, non-obvious, and industrially applicable. The Indian patent application process comprises various stages, including filing, examination, and publication. Following examination, a patent may be granted or rejected. Upon issuance, a patent provides its owner exclusive rights to manufacture, market, and utilize the invention for a specified duration.

    Patent Registration: Patent registration in India involves obtaining legal protection for an invention created by its originator or proprietor. This governmental grant typically lasts for 20 years and provides exclusive rights, prohibiting others from utilizing, producing, or selling the invention without the patent owner’s consent. In exchange, the patent holder must divulge all aspects and specifications of the invention to the public, fostering further research and development. Corporate Raasta Consulting offers online patent filing services with expert assistance to streamline the process.

    Things that can be Patented in India

    In India, patent registration covers inventions pertaining to products, processes, and methods. This includes a wide range of innovations, including chemicals, drugs, pharmaceuticals, software, and advancements to existing technologies. However, for a patent to be granted, the invention must meet specific criteria—it must be novel, non-obvious, and industrially applicable.

    Following are the certain types of inventions that are ineligible for patent registration in India:

    Discoveries of Natural Laws or Scientific Principles: Patent protection is not granted for mere discoveries of natural phenomena or scientific principles. While applications of these discoveries may be patentable, the discoveries themselves are not.

    Aesthetic Creations: Literary, theatrical, musical, or artistic works, which are considered aesthetic creations, cannot be patented. These are typically protected under copyright law rather than patent law.

    Methods of Mental Activity, Games, or Business: Inventions that primarily consist of plans, rules, or methods for engaging in mental activities, playing games, or conducting business are not eligible for patent protection.

    Inventions Contrary to Morality or Public Order: Patents are not granted for inventions that go against public morality or order. This includes inventions that promote illegal activities or unethical behavior.

    Inventions Harmful to the Environment, Animals, or People: Inventions that pose significant risks to the environment, animal welfare, or human health and safety are not patentable. This includes inventions with potentially harmful side effects or consequences.


    Some of the key benefits of obtaining a Permanent Patent include:

    Exclusive Rights Protection: Patent registration grants the inventor or owner exclusive rights to the invention. This means they have sole authority over its production, use, and sale, safeguarding their investment in research and development.

    Prevention of Unauthorized Use: With a patented invention, the owner has the legal authority to prevent others from using, producing, or selling the invention without their permission. This helps deter infringement and protects the inventor’s market share.

    Commercialization Opportunities: Patent registration provides opportunities for commercialization by enabling the patent owner to sell, license, or transfer their rights to others. This can lead to collaborations, partnerships, and revenue generation through royalties or licensing fees.

    Legal Protection and Enforcement: Patent registration strengthens the patent owner’s ability to enforce their rights through legal action against infringers. This includes seeking compensation for damages incurred due to patent infringement and obtaining injunctions to stop unauthorized use.

    Innovation: The patent system incentivizes innovation by rewarding inventors with exclusive rights to their creations. This encourages investment in research and development, leading to the creation of new technologies, products, and processes.

    Economic Growth and Competitiveness: Patents play a crucial role in driving economic growth by fostering a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship. They promote competition, attract investment, and enhance the competitiveness of industries both domestically and internationally.

    Knowledge Sharing and Collaboration: Patent registration requires disclosure of the invention’s details and specifications, which contributes to the pool of publicly available knowledge. This encourages further research, collaboration, and innovation in related fields.

    Eligibility Criteria for Patent Registration

    Following are several eligibility criteria that one must meet to initiate the patent registration process in India:

    Inventor or Owner Status: The applicant filing for patent registration must either be the inventor of the invention or have acquired ownership rights to the invention. Ownership rights may be obtained through assignment, employment agreements, or other legal means.

    Novelty of the Invention: One of the fundamental requirements for patent registration is that the invention must be new or novel. This means that the invention must not have been disclosed to the public anywhere in the world before the date of filing the patent application. Any prior publication, public disclosure, or public use of the invention can jeopardize its novelty and eligibility for patent protection.

    Non-Publication: The invention should not have been published or disclosed to the public in any form before filing the patent application. This includes presentations at conferences, publication in journals, or public demonstrations. Keeping the invention confidential until the patent application is filed helps maintain its novelty and strengthens the chances of obtaining patent protection.

    Inventive Step: In addition to being novel, the invention must involve an inventive step, meaning it must not be obvious to a person skilled in the relevant field of technology. The invention should represent a significant improvement or advancement over existing technologies or solutions.

    Industrial Applicability: The invention must be capable of being applied in an industrial or practical context. It should have utility and be capable of being made or used in some kind of industry or business activity.


    Here are some of the steps you should consider when obtaining a Permanent Patent:

    1. Conduct a patentability search to determine if the invention is eligible for patent protection.
    2. Prepare and file a patent application with the appropriate patent office.
    3. Respond to any objections or rejections from the patent office during the examination process.
    4. Pay the necessary fees to maintain the patent over its lifetime.
    5. Monitor for any potential infringement and take legal action if necessary.


    The process of obtaining and maintaining a Permanent Patent can be complex and time-consuming. At Corporate Raasta Consulting, we provide end-to-end support to help you through the process, from conducting a patentability search to filing the patent application and maintaining the patent over its lifetime.

    Following are the steps involved in the patent registration process in India:

    Filing the Patent Application: The first step in the patent registration process is to file a patent application with the Indian Patent Office. The application must include a complete specification of the invention, along with the necessary forms and prescribed fees. The applicant must provide detailed information about the invention, including its technical features, functionality, and potential applications. Additionally, any supporting documents, drawings, or diagrams should be submitted along with the application.

    Publication of the Patent Application: Once the patent application is filed, it is published in the official journal of the Indian Patent Office, which is accessible to the public. The publication provides notice to third parties about the existence of the patent application and allows interested parties to review the invention’s details.

    Request for Examination: After the publication of the patent application, the applicant must submit a request for examination to the Indian Patent Office within the prescribed time frame. Upon receiving the request, the patent office will initiate the examination process to assess the patentability of the invention. The examination involves a thorough review of the application to determine whether the invention meets the criteria for patentability, including novelty, inventive step, and industrial applicability.

    Examination and Patentability Report: During the examination process, the patent office conducts a detailed analysis of the patent application and issues a patentability report. The report outlines the findings of the examination and indicates whether the invention satisfies the requirements for patent protection. If any objections or deficiencies are identified during the examination, the applicant is given an opportunity to respond and address them accordingly.

    Grant of Patent: If the patent office is satisfied with the patentability of the invention and all objections are resolved to its satisfaction, it will proceed to grant the patent to the applicant. The grant of patent provides the applicant with exclusive rights to the invention for a specified period, typically 20 years from the date of filing the application. Once granted, the patent is enforceable against third parties, allowing the patent holder to prevent unauthorized use, manufacture, or sale of the patented invention.


    Some of the documents required for obtaining a Permanent Patent include:

    Complete Specification of the Invention: This document provides a detailed description of the invention, including its technical features, functionality, and potential applications. It outlines how the invention works and any unique aspects or improvements it offers compared to existing technologies.

    Provisional Application for the Patent: In some cases, applicants may choose to file a provisional patent application initially to secure an early filing date while they continue to develop and refine their invention. This provisional application serves as a placeholder and is followed by a complete specification at a later stage.

    Declaration of Inventorship and Ownership: A declaration stating the names of the inventors and confirming their ownership of the invention is required. This document ensures that the individuals claiming ownership of the invention are the true creators or rightful owners.

    Drawings and Diagrams: If the invention is best described visually, drawings, diagrams, or illustrations may be included to supplement the written description. These visual representations help clarify the invention’s structure, components, and operation, enhancing the understanding of patent examiners and other stakeholders.

    Details of the Applicant or Owner: The application should include information about the applicant or owner of the invention, such as their name, address, and contact details. This ensures that the patent office can communicate with the relevant party regarding the application process and any further requirements.

    Forms Required for Patent Registration

    Form 1 (Application for Patent): This form is the primary application for the grant of a patent. It includes detailed information about the applicant, the invention, and its claims. The form requires the applicant to provide a description of the invention, along with any drawings or diagrams, and specify the scope of the patent claims.

    Form 2 (Priority Document): If the applicant wishes to claim priority based on a previously filed application (such as a foreign patent application), Form 2 is used to furnish the details of the priority application. This form helps establish the priority date for the patent application, which is crucial for determining the novelty of the invention.

    Form 3 (Statement and Undertaking Regarding Inventorship): Form 3 is used to provide details of the inventors involved in the creation of the invention. It includes information such as the names, addresses, and contributions of each inventor. This form ensures transparency and accuracy in attributing inventorship rights.

    Form 5 (Statement and Undertaking Regarding an Application by a Government Undertaking): If the patent application is filed by a government undertaking, Form 5 is used to furnish the relevant details. This form clarifies the involvement of government entities in the patent application process.

    Form 26 (Statement Regarding the Applicant’s Right to Claim Priority): Form 26 is used to declare any exclusive marketing rights claimed by the applicant. This form provides information about the applicant’s rights to market and commercialize the patented invention.]

    Difference between Trademark, Patent, and Copyright

    Trademark Patent Copyright
    What’s Protected Anything that identifies and distinguishes the source of one party’s commodities from those of another party, whether it be a word, phrase, symbol, or design. Inventions, including procedural, manufacturing, compositional, and material machines, as well as upgrades to these. Among other creative works of authorship, there are books, articles, songs, photographs, sculptures, dances, sound recordings, and motion pictures.
    Requirements for Protection A mark needs to be recognizable in the sense that it needs to be able to pinpoint the origin of a particular good. It calls for a brand-new, worthwhile, and interesting invention. A work ought to be distinctive, creative, and physically generated.
    Term of Protection Whenever the trademark is used commercially. 20 years Author’s lifespan span+ 70 years.
    Rights Granted Right to make use of the mark and to forbid third parties from making use of the same mark in a manner that might lead to confusion regarding the source of the products or services. Right to prevent the patented invention from being manufactured, sold, or imported by others. Copyrighted works have the authority to restrict their use, distribution, performance in public, and display.

    • A Permanent Patent is a patent that lasts for the life of the invention, providing long-term protection for the inventor's intellectual property.

    • Obtaining a Permanent Patent provides exclusive rights, legal protection, and increased credibility for the inventor and their invention.

    • The process involves conducting a patentability search, preparing and filing a patent application, responding to objections or rejections from the patent office, and maintaining the patent over its lifetime.

    • The time it takes to obtain a Permanent Patent can vary depending on the complexity of the invention and the patent office's examination process.

    • The documents required for obtaining a Permanent Patent include a patent application, patent prosecution documents, and maintenance fee payments.

    • The costs of patent registration can include filing fees, attorney fees, and maintenance fees. The exact amount will depend on factors such as the jurisdiction, the complexity of the invention, and the services required. It's important to budget accordingly and consider the long-term value of patent protection for your invention.

    • Yes, it is possible to seek patent protection in multiple countries through various international agreements and treaties. One common option is the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), which allows applicants to file a single international patent application that is recognized in multiple countries. However, it's essential to consider the costs and requirements associated with each jurisdiction.

    Permanent Patent